Monday, September 9, 2013

Throat Cancer – Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

What is it?
A type of cancer that is formed on the larynx, or laryngeal carcinoma this meaning it is the formation of cancerous tumors on the throat, it may affect all of some of the following: the voice box, oesophagus and tonsils, the nasopharynx, this is the upper part of the throat behind the nose same as the oropharynx which is the middle part of the pharynx and the hypopharynx being the bottom part of the pharynx.

· It affects more men than women.
· Its most commonly seen in people over the age of 50.

· 80% of the cases are produced by tobacco or HPV infections
· HPV infections are contracted during oral sex.

The symptoms:
• Difficulty breathing swallowing or speaking: hoarseness
• Migraines
• Ear pain
• A swelling or lump in the throat
• A persistent cough
• Consistent phlegm
• The sensation of something stuck in the throat
• Throat pain
• Swollen lymph glands

Throat Cancer - Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

• Nasopharyngeal cancer
• Oropharyngeal cancer
• Hypopharyngeal cancer
• Glottic cancer
• Supraglottic cancer
• Subglottic cancer

Treatment will depend on the stage of the cancer, size of the tumor and the location as well.
Type of treatments:
• Surgery –through surgery the cancerous tumor is removed, there might be:
removal of the thyroid, tissue or muscle, or the entire larynx, tongue in some cases lymph glands.
• Radiation therapy
• Chemotherapy.
• surgery followed by radiotherapy, or chemo-radiotherapy
• Assistance from a dietitian, speech therapist and physiotherapist. Social
workers, counsellors and clinical psychologists.



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