Monday, March 11, 2019

Screening in Scotland


Screening is the process of identifying people who appear healthy but may have a higher chance of developing a disease or condition.

There are a number of national screening programmes in Scotland. Screening programmes are designed to detect early signs of a disease or condition and to provide referral and treatment where necessary.
Types of screening

If you’re invited to be screened, you’ll be tested for a particular condition — for example a bowel screen only

  • In Scotland, screening is offered for:bdominal aortic aneurysms
  • bowel cancer
  • breast cancer
  • cervical cancer
  • diabetic retinopathy

Pregnancy and newborn screening are also offered to check the health of your baby.
Benefits and risks

Before accepting a screening invitation, you should think about the benefits and risks involved.

Screening can find the signs of serious conditions before any symptoms develop.

If a condition is found early:

  1. it’s less likely to become severe
  2. you’re less likely to need major treatment
  3. As a result, regular screening can reduce the number of deaths from certain conditions.
  4. Risks
  5. While screening can improve quality of life, and prevent deaths through early diagnosis, no test is 100% accurate. There are risks involved in some types of screening.
  6. It’s important to have realistic expectations of what screening can offer. Although screening can reduce the chance you will develop a condition, or complications, it can’t always protect you from a particular illness.
  7. Eligibility
  8. You'll be invited to be screened based on your age and/or gender. This is because you have a higher chance of developing certain diseases and conditions depending on your age and sometimes whether you're male or female.
  9. So you're invited to the right screening programme at the right time, make sure your GP practice has your current address.
  10. Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) screening
  11. Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) screening is only offered to 65 year old men. However, if you’re over 65 and have never been screened, you can arrange an appointment by phoning your local AAA screening centre.
  12. More about AAA screening
  13. Bowel screening
  14. Bowel screening is offered every 2 years to men and woman aged 50 to 74. If you’re 75 or over, you can still take a bowel screening test every 2 years. However, you’ll need to request a new test kit each time.
  15. More about bowel screening
  16. Breast screening
  17. Breast screening is offered every 3 years to woman aged 50 to 70. If you're over the age of 70 you can continue to have breast screening, but you'll need to arrange your own appointment every 3 years.
  18. More about breast screening
  19. Cervical screening
  20. Cervical screening is offered every 3 or 5 years depending on age to woman aged 25 to 64. If you're on non-routine screening (where screening results have shown changes that need further investigation or follow up) you'll be invited for cervical screening up to 70 years of age.

  • More about cervical screening
  • Diabetic retinopathy screening (DRS)
  • Diabetic retinopathy screening (DRS) is offered every year to people aged over 12 with diabetes over the age of 12.
  • More about diabetic retinopathy screening
  • Newborn screening
  • All new parents will be offered screening for their child after birth.
  • More about newborn screening
  • Pregnancy screening
  • All expectant parents will be offered screening during the term of pregnancy.
  • More about pregnancy screening
  • Screening for the transgender community
  • Whether you're a trans-man, trans-woman, identify as non-binary or describe your gender in another way, it's important you're aware of which screening services you're eligible for.

Find out which screening services you're eligible for as a non-binary or transgender person

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